Jonah – Meaning “dove”
I. His Character
Sanctified in spots, “mixture of strength and weakness”
Obedient after chastisement, 3:3&4
Bigoted and selfish, 3:4-10;4:1
Key word - “Revival”
Key verse - 2:8&9; 4:2
Key chapter - 3 Revival !!!!
Division of book -
The first commission of Jonah, chapter 1&2
The second commission of Jonah chapter 3&4
Some regard this book as fiction but Jesus regarded it as
Jesus calls it, a sign of His resurrection, the fish, repentance
of Nineveh, judgment day, and His resurrection all in the same category.
Jonah wrote the story and didn’t water down his disobedient.
The word translated “whale” should be translated great fish
There is no record of their repentant only their exploits, no
stories recorded of their humiliation.
The capital of Assyrian empire.
Assyrian empire was a world power for about 300 years.
It started its rise
to power about the time Israel split into two kingdoms, close to Solomon
IV. The Assyrians kings and their dealings
with the Jews.
Shalmaneser II, 860-825. Began to cut off Israel.
Adad-nirari, 808-783. Took tribute from Israel, Jonah’s visit.
Tiglath-pileser III, 747-727. Deported most of Israel.
Shalmaneser IV, 727-722. Besieged Samaria.
Sennacherib 705-681. Invaded Judah. Isaiah
Esar-haddon, 681-668. Very powerful.
Assur-banipal, 668-628. Most powerful and brutal, NAHUM?
8. Two other things
reign 628-607 until the empire fall in 607.
Jonah was called to prolong the life of a
nation that was going to destroy his own country. Maybe that was why he
went the other way. Jonah was from Gath-hepher, and lived during the
reign of Jeroboam II, 790-749. This was not a nation but a Gentile
Jonah has certainly been a sign of Christ referred to
many times, 3 days in fish, resurrected after 3 days, Matt. 12:39-41.
Conclusion: Jonah’s anger and like of compassion is contrasted to God’s love and grace.